Oral History with Rev. James L. Black

An interview conducted on March 6, 2009 and April 2, 2009 with James L. Black. Black, born January 4, 1945, in Biloxi, Mississippi, attended Mississippi Valley State University and Jackson State University. He served in the United States Marine Corps, is a Vietnam veteran, and is a nondenominational Protestant. At thetime of this interview, he was pastor of the Faith Tabernacle of Praise in Biloxi, Mississippi. He is active with the Boy Scouts of America and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.



Oral History with Clemon P. Jimerson, Sr.

Interview conducted on April 24, 2010 with Clemon P. Jimerson, Sr. in Biloxi, Mississippi. Jimerson describes growing up in Biloxi, how he came to beinvolved with the Biloxi Beach Wade-Ins, his personal relationship with Dr. Gilbert Mason, and his continuing involvement in the civil rights struggle as an educator.Note: The interview date (August 24, 2010) on the transcript is incorrect.



Oral History with Le’Roy Carney

Interview conducted April 24, 2010 in Biloxi, Mississippi at Episcopal Church of the Redeemer. Carney discusses his memories of the Biloxi Beach Wade-Ins, Dr. Gilbert Mason, the NAACP, and Boy Scouts.



Oral History with Ethel R. Clay

Interview conducted April 24, 2010 in Biloxi, Mississippi at the Episcopal Church of the Redeemer.Discusses growing up on the coast during the civilrights movement, Dr. Gilbert Mason, Medgar Evers, and the experience of the Biloxi Beach Wade-Ins. Describes community efforts to save Nichols High School.


Oral History with Ms. Juno Gwendolyn Nichols-de Marks

Ms. Juno Gwendolyn Nichols-de Marks was born November 25, 1924, in Biloxi, Mississippi. Ms. Nichols-de Marks graduated from Biloxi Colored HighSchool in 1941 at which time she entered Alcorn University. In 1945 she was elected Miss Alcorn. For her master’s degree she attended Tennessee State University. At the age of four, Ms. Nichols-de Marks began studying piano. In her later career she played that instrument for many activities, including church meetings, banquets, and the State Teachers Association, and she instructed, organized, and directed a choir in church. She is a member of the NAACP and the mother of three children.